Table of Mechanics Demonstration

List of Mechanics Equipment & Supplies

Lecture Demonstrations

Inertia Ball, 1F20.10

Topic and Concept:

Location:

Setup02-400.jpg

Abstract:

A heavy ball is suspended by a piece of string with two pieces of string hanging off the bottom, all pieces being identical. One bottom string is yanked with a quick, hard jerk resulting in it breaking while the other is pulled slowly resulting in the top string breaking.

Equipment

Location

ID Number

1.8 kg (4 lb) Ball

ME, Bay A7, Shelf #5

0.038" 15# test, unpolished cotton Twine

ME, Bay A7, Shelf #5

Styrofoam Square

ME, Bay A7, Shelf #5

Short Metal Rod

Rod and Clamp Cabinet

3/4" Support Rod w/Table Clamp

Rod and Clamp Cabinet

Important Setup Notes:

Setup and Procedure:

  1. Using a table clamp, attach a 3/4" support rod to the lecture bench.
  2. Place the Styrofoam square on the table so that it will lie beneath the suspended ball.
  3. Make 3 identical sections of string with looped ends.
  4. Making use of the loops, attach one string to one end of the ball and the other two to the other end.
  5. Use the single string to suspend the ball from the support rod.
  6. Use the loop of one of the two strings to attach it to the short metal rod.
  7. Pull downward on the short rod with a quick, hard jerk. This will result in this pulled string breaking.
  8. Use the loop of one of the other string to attach it to the short metal rod.
  9. Slowly pull downward on the short rod. This will result in the top string breaking.

Cautions, Warnings, or Safety Concerns:

Discussion:

The ball is relatively heavy and so has a relatively large inertia of rest. Ask the audience which string they think will break, a trick question since it depends on how the sting is pulled. If one of the bottom strings is pulled with a quick, hard jerk, it will break since the tensile strength of the string is exceeded by the relatively large inertia of the suspended ball. If the other bottom string is pulled down gradually, then the top string will break because of its tensile strength being overcome by the increasing effective weight of the ball.

Setup04-250.jpg

Ball03-250-1.jpg

String01-250.jpg

Styrofoam01-250.jpg

Videos:

References:

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