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[:Demonstrations:Demonstrations]

[:Instructional:Home]
[[Demonstrations]]

[[Instructional|Home]]

Electromagnetic Induction

PIRA classification 5K

Grayed Demos are either not available or haven't been built yet

Please note that these tables have not yet been edited to match the equipment that is available within the UW-Madison lecture demo lab. There maybe many items listed within these tables that we either "can not do" or have available.

5k10. Induced Currents and Forces

PIRA #

Demonstration Name

Abstract

5K10.10

sliding rail

Slide a brass bar riding on two brass rails out of the mouth of a horseshoe magnet and display the current on a galvanometer.

5K10.10

sliding rail inductor

Slide a bar on rails attached to a galvanometer through the mouth of a horseshoe magnet.

5K10.11

mu metal sheild

The sliding rail with a mu-metal shield gives the same result.

5K10.12

mu metal shield and insulator

The sliding rail with an insulated mu-metal shield still gives the same result.

5K10.13

motional EMF

Directions on making an apparatus for demonstrating motional EMF. Reference: Am. Phys. Teacher, 3,57,1935.

5K10.15

wire, magnet, and galvanometer

5K10.15

moving wire with magnet

A straight wire connected to a galvanometer is moved rapidly through the poles of a strong magnet.

5K10.15

Wire and magnet

Move a wire connected to a galvanometer in and out of a horseshoe magnet.

5K10.16

tape head model

5K10.17

swinging bar in magnet

A bar connected to a galvanometer is swung in and out of a permanent magnet. ALSO - two other demonstrations.

5K10.18

coil pendulum in magnet

A 1 second pendulum with a coil for a bob swings with small amplitude within a uniform magnetic field. All sorts of variations demonstrating forced, free, and damped oscillations are mentioned.

5K10.19

measuring magnetic induction

A rectangular coil in a magnetron magnet is rotated on one side and the other is suspended from a balance. Change the current in the coil and measure the force with the balance.

5K10.20

induction coil with magnet, galv.

A magnet is moved in and out of a coil of wire attached to a galvanometer.

5K10.20

induction coil with magnet, galv.

A magnet is moved in and out of a coil of wire attached to a galvanometer.

5K10.20

big coil

Make the coil large enough for the instructor to walk, run, etc. through.

5K10.20

galvanometer, coil and magnet

Move a magnet through a coil connected to a galvanometer.

5K10.20

direction of induced currents

Use each end of a magnet with a coil and galvanometer.

5K10.20

induction coil and magnet

Move a bar magnet in and out of a coil connected to a galvanometer. Turn the coil with a fixed magnet.

5K10.20

induction coil, magnet, galvanometer

A many turn coil attached to a projection galvanometer is flipped over or a magnet is thrust through.

5K10.21

10/20/40 coils with magnet

Coils of 10, 20, and 40 turns are attached to a galvanometer.

5K10.22

string and copper induction coils

A magnet is passed in and out of a copper coil hooked to a millivoltmeter and string loop hooked to an electrometer.

5K10.23

mutiple induction coils

Wind coils 1:2:4:4:4 with the 2nd and 4th in the opposite sense, all in series. Use with a single pole, then use two poles of a horseshoe magnet in two adjacent coils.

5K10.24

number of turns and induced EMF

Combine coils of 5 cm diameter with 1,2,5,10,15 turns in various ways to show induced EMF proportional to number of turns.

5K10.25

coil and lamp, magnet

5K10.25

inductive coil with lamp

Swing a coil attached to a lamp through the gap of a horseshoe magnet.

5K10.26

induction effects of hitting the bar

Put a 600 turn coil connected to a galvanometer around a soft iron bar and hit the bar while oriented parallel and perpendicular to the earth's field.

5K10.30

induction with coils and battery

Attach one coil to a galvanometer, another to a battery and tap switch. Use a core to increase coupling.

5K10.30

induction with coils and battery

Two coils face each other, one attached to a galvanometer, the other to a battery and tap switch. Coupling can be increased with various cores.

5K10.30

galvanometer, coils and battery

Two coils are in proximity, one attached to a galvanometer, the other to a switch and battery.

5K10.30

induction coils with battery

Change the position of the secondary as the current is interrupted in the primary.

5K10.30

two coils

Changing the current in one coil causes a current in the other.

5K10.31

induction coils with battery

Two coils are wound on an iron ring, one connected to a galvanometer, the other to a battery and switch.

5K10.32

induction coils and battery

Two coils, one connected to a galvanometer, the other to a battery through a rheostat to allow continuous variation of current.

5K10.33

induction coils with battery

The voltage to a long three layered solenoid is interrupted with various layers active and various sensor loops inside.

5K10.36

discovering induction

Repeat the original Faraday experiment and no one realizes the galvanometer twitch is meaningful.

5K10.37

ramp induction coils

A galvanometer detects a steady current from one Helmholtz coil as a second coil is excited with a voltage ramp.

5K10.38

changing the air gap

Change the air gap between two coils and show the induced voltage.

5K10.39

current from changing air gap

Change the size of the air gap in an electromagnet and observe a transient change in the current energizing the coil.

5K10.40

induction coils with core

5K10.40

iron core in mutual inductance

The effect of an iron core is demonstrated as a battery is connected to the primary.

5K10.41

insert core

While one coil has a continuous current, insert and remove cores of iron, copper, and brass.

5K10.42

two coils on a toroid

Two coils wound on opposite sides of a toroidal core show inductive coupling when current is switched in one coil.

5K10.45

large mutual inductance

Change the current steadily in a large transformer and watch the voltage in the secondary.

5K10.48

current-coupled pendula

Interconnected coils are hung as pendula in the gaps of two horseshoe magnets. Start one swinging and the other swings.

5K10.50

time integral of induced EMF

The induced current from a coil is displayed on a storage oscilloscope while the current is changed at various rates in a second coil.

5K10.52

induction on the air track

A loop of wire on an air cart passes through a magnet. Show on a scope.

5K10.55

HO car in a magnetic tunnel

The induced EMF is observed on an oscilloscope as a brass wheeled train car passes along a track through a large magnet.

5K10.60

earth inductor

the deflection of a ballistic galvanometer from a flip coil is compared to a standard flux.

5K10.60

Earth coil

Flip the standard Earth coil attached to a galvanometer.

5K10.61

earth inductor

Several variations. A large (1.5 m x 6 m) single wire loop, collapse a flexible loop on many turns, a long flexible wire swung like a jump rope are attached to a galvanometer with the damping turn removed. ALSO the commercial loop to a ballistic galvanometer.

5K10.62

rotating coil magnetometer

Orient a motor driven coil in various ways in the earth's field while the output is displayed on an oscilloscope.

5K10.62

earth inductor integrating amp

Replace the ballistic galvanometer with an integrating amp (circuit given).

5K10.62

earth inductor with VFC

A voltage-to-frequency converter replaces the ballistic galvanometer in the earth inductor demonstration.

5K10.62

earth inductor on oscilloscope

Subsititute an oscilloscope for the galvanometer and look at the induced voltage versus time.

5K10.62

earth inductor integrator

Replace the galvanometer with a integrator and voltmeter.

5K10.63

rotating coil magnetometer

Display the signal from a motor driven coil on an oscilloscope.

5K10.63

earth inductor compass

A motor driven coil of several hundred turns gives a different galvanometer deflection depending on the orientation.

5K10.65

jumping rope

5K10.70

What does a voltmeter measure?

Same as AJP 50(12),1089.

5K10.70

what do voltmeters measure?

Two identical voltmeters connected at the same points in a circuit around a long solenoid give different readings.

5K10.71

paradox

Feynman - "When you figure it out, you will have discovered an important principle of electromagnetism".

5K10.71

what does a voltmeter measure-letter

Add a third voltmeter that can be moved for continuously varying readings.

5K10.71

Faraday's law teaser

Measure the voltage between two points at the end of an electromagnet through different paths.

5K10.71

Faraday's law teaser - addendum

Clears up ambiguities in AJP 37(2),221.

5K10.78

induced current liquid crystal

Liquid crystals placed over laminated copper conductors show heating of various configurations.

5K10.80

Faraday's homopolar generator

Turn a large aluminum wheel by hand with the edge of the wheel and a pickoff brush between the poles of a magnet. Show the induced current on a galvanometer.

5K10.80

homopolar generator

A homopolar generator shows the relation between electric and magnetic fields. Not the most obvious demonstration.

5K10.81

radial homopolar generator

A variation on the axial field homopolar motor (Barlow's wheel).

5K10.85

Rogowski coil

A direct demonstration of Ampere's circuital law using a flexible toroidal coil.

5K10.85

magnetic wheel

Induced current from a unipolar machine using a magnetic wheel.

5K10.85

Rogowski coil

A flexible coil hooked to a ballistic galvanometer is used to give a direct measurement of the magnetic potential between two points.

5K10.85

Ampere's law

Use the Rogowski coil to examine the magnetic field produced by current in a single wire, or two wires of parallel and opposing current. Picture, theory.

5K10.90

electromagnetic can breaker

A large pulse of induced current in a soda can blows it apart.

5K10.99

rocking plates

Demonstrates some difficult concepts of flux linkages using sheets of metal instead of wires.

5K20. Eddy Currents

PIRA #

Demonstration Name

Abstract

5K20.10

Eddy currents in pendulum

A copper sheet and comb, ring and broken ring are swung through a large electromagnet.

5K20.10

pendulum in big electromagnet

Pendula of solid and comb-like copper plates, solid and slit copper rings are swung through a large electromagnet.

5K20.10

Eddy current pendulum

Apparatus Drawings Project No. 29: Large electromagnet accessories, one of four. Plans for a large eddy current pendulum to go on the large electromagnet from No. 13.

5K20.10

Eddy currents in pendulum

A copper sheet and comb, ring and broken ring are swung through a large electromagnet.

5K20.10

Eddy current pendulum

Copper, wood, etc. bobs are swung in a large permanent magnet.

5K20.11

magnetic brake

A heavy copper disk swings as a pendulum between the poles of an electromagnet.

5K20.11

Eddy current pendulum

A pendulum with a copper plate bob is swung through a big electromagnet.

5K20.15

eddy damped pendulum

A magnet pendulum bob is swung over copper, aluminum, and stainless plate.

5K20.15

eddy damped pendulum

A bar magnet suspended as a pendulum is damped as it swings over a copper plate.

5K20.20

falling aluminum sheet

An aluminum sheet is dropped through the poles of a large horseshoe magnet.

5K20.20

falling aluminum sheet

A strip of aluminum sheet is allowed to fall between the poles of a large Alnico magnet.

5K20.22

Eddy current brake

Fasten a large aluminum disk to a 1/4 hp motor and then bring a magnetron magnet to the edge of the disk to slow the motor down.

5K20.25

magnets in Eddy tubes

Drop a magnet and a dummy in glass and aluminum tubes, then switch. The magnet in Al falls slowly.

5K20.25

Eddy current tubes

Drop a magnet and a dummy in glass and aluminum tubes, then switch.

5K20.26

forces due to induced current

Pull a light bifilar suspended aluminum ring with a magnet.

5K20.26

Faraday repulsion coil

Thrust the pole of a magnet in and out of a copper ring of a bifilar suspension.

5K20.30

jumping ring

A solid aluminum ring on the vertical transformer jumps while a split ring does not.

5K20.30

jumping ring

Aluminum rings, one slit, the other solid, are placed around the core of a coil and the the coil is energized.

5K20.30

jumping ring

An aluminum ring jumps off the iron core of a vertical inductor.

5K20.30

jumping ring

Solid and split aluminum rings on the vertical transformer.

5K20.30

Thompson's flying ring

A copper ring levitates, an aluminum ring flies off, a slit ring does nothing, and a cooled ring flies higher.

5K20.31

jumping ring analysis

An analysis of the role of phase differences in the levitating ring demonstration.

5K20.31

jumping ring analysis

An analysis of the role of phase differences in the levitating ring demonstration.

5K20.31

jumping ring analysis

Be careful how you analyze the jumping ring. References.

5K20.35

frying egg

A copper sheet fitting over the core of a large solenoid gets hot enough to fry an egg.

5K20.36

boil water on the vertical transform

Boil water in a ring shaped trough on the vertical transformer.

5K20.40

Eddy current levitation

A strong ceramic magnet is levitated over a spinning aluminum disc.

5K20.41

electromagnetic levitator

Plans for an electromagnetic levitator that lifts a 18" dia. 1/16" thick aluminum pan. Weighs 100 lbs, requires only 400 W at 110 V.

5K20.41

large levitator

Directions for building a large levitator. Diagrams, Construction details in appendix, p. 1332.

5K20.42

Arago's disk

Support the horseshoe magnet by a bight with stranded string and "wind up" the string to get a high spin rate.

5K20.42

Arago's disk

A magnet suspended above a rotating horizontal copper disk will rotate.

5K20.42

rotating magnet

A magnet needle over a rotating copper disk.

5K20.42

Arago's disk

A bar magnet suspended above a spinning aluminum disc will start to rotate.

5K20.43

rotating vertical disc

A magnet hung by a quadrafilar rolling suspension near a spinning aluminum disk shows both repulsive and retarding forces.

5K20.50

rotating ball

A hollow aluminum ball rotates in a watch glass atop a shaded pole transformer.

5K20.50

spinning ball on a dish

A half disc of sheet aluminum placed on an ac excited coil produces a rotating magnetic field the at causes a ball to spin.

5K20.51

magnetic stirrer demonstrations

Several eddy current demos including a paradox: place a steel ball on a stirrer and start it up, the ball rolls in one direction, but backwards when placed in while the stirrer is on.

5K20.52

Eddy current motor

A metal 35 mm film canister spins when mounted to one side of the pole of an electromagnet.

5K20.55

rotating aluminum disc

An aluminum disc rotates when held asymmetrically over a vertical solenoid powered by line ac unless shielded by an aluminum plate.

5K20.56

spinning aluminum discs

Two overlapping rotating aluminum discs in parallel planes on the same rigid support rotate in different directions when inserted into a magnetic field. Needs a Diagram.

5K20.57

rotating aluminum disc

A thin aluminum disc hung vertically between the poles of a vertically mounted horseshoe magnet rotates when the magnet is rotated.

5K20.58

one-piece Faraday generator

Instead of a conducting disk rotating in an axial magnetic field, the disk is replaced by a cylindrical permanent magnet that supplies its own magnetic field.

5K20.59

magnetic curl meter

Faraday's "electromagnetic rotation apparatus" shows a magnet in a conducting fluid rotating continuously when suspended in a region of distributed current density. This device measures the torque on such a magnet.

5K20.60

Eddy currents in Barlow's wheel

Attach the Barlow's wheel to a galvanometer and turn by hand.

5K20.62

money sorter

Silver and ersatz quarters are dropped through a large magnet.

5K20.63

rotating cores in magnet

A copper loop, solid iron cylinder, and laminated iron cylinder are each rotated while suspended in a magnetic field.

5K20.65

electromagnetic can breaker

5K30. Transformers

PIRA #

Demonstration Name

Abstract

5K30.10

wind a transformer

5K30.13

salt water string

5K30.14

single turn transformer

Probes of an oscilloscope are slid along the ring of a single turn secondary.

5K30.20

dissectible transformer/light bulb

5K30.20

dissectible transformer

Various cores are interchangeable with the Leybold transformer.

5K30.20

transformers

Many variations with the Leybold transformer.

5K30.21

toy transformer

Place a 110 V lamp in parallel with the input and a 6 V lamp on the output of a step down transformer. Then place a auto taillight lamp in series with the input and a 10 amp fuse wire across the output and increase the voltage with an autotransformer until the fuse melts.

5K30.22

telephone and radio transformers

Using commercial transformers in demonstrations.

5K30.24

magnet losses in transformers

Additional cores are placed in the Leybold transformer to demonstrate the magnetic potential drop.

5K30.25

transformers

High voltage, low voltage and demonstration transformers are shown.

5K30.30

vertical transformer

Secondary loops attached to light bulbs are placed over the core of a vertical transformer.

5K30.30

vertical transformer

Directions for making a vertical transformer using 110 V AC in the primary. Includes directions for step up and step down secondaries.

5K30.30

Thompson vertical transformer

A vertical transformer is shown with a lot of accessories.

5K30.30

vertical primary and secondary coils

The vertical transformer is used with two coils, one with many turns powers a 110 V lamp, and the other with fewer turns powers a flashlight lamp.

5K30.34

autotransformer

A variation of the vertical transformer with 400 turns tapped every 50 turns and connected to 110 V AC at 200 turns. Explore with a light bulb. See L-99.

5K30.35

light underwater

The secondary coil and light bulb are placed in a beaker of water and held over the core of a vertical transformer.

5K30.35

light under water

A waxed coil and light bulb are placed in a beaker of water over a vertical primary.

5K30.40

weld a nail

Two nails attached to the secondary of a large low voltage transformer are welded together upon contact.

5K30.40

large current transformer

Nails connected to the secondary of a large current transformer are welded together.

5K30.40

dissectible transformer - welding

Two "L" shaped laminated iron cores with interchangeable coils are used to step down 110 V AC to melt an iron wire.

5K30.43

simple spotwelder

Modify a heavy duty soldering iron to function as a small spotwelder.

5K30.50

Jacob's ladder

see 5D40.10

5K30.51

induced EMF

An oscilloscope is connected to a wire in a gap of a transformer.

5K30.52

exploratory coil

Explore an alternating magnetic field with an exploratory coil of many turns of No. 30 wire connected to a 6 V lamp.

5K30.53

mutual inductance on scope

The relationship between the current in one coil and the voltage in another is shown as a Lissajous figure on an oscilloscope. Diagram.

5K30.54

magnetic shunt

An "E" core has two windings: 110V primary on one outer, and secondary with a lamp on the middle. Bridge a yoke over the windings and the lamp lights but when put over all three it doesn't.

5K30.60

primary current change with sec.load

A light bulb in series with the primary brightens as the load on the secondary increases.

5K30.60

reaction of secondary on primary

Connect a 100 W lamp in series with the primary and increase the load on the secondary to light the lamp.

5K30.61

reaction of secondary on primary

Vary the load on the secondary and the coupling between the primary while observing the current in the primary.

5K30.81

shocker

A vibrator switches the current in a primary and the victim holds onto the leads of the secondary while the coupling is increased.

5K30.84

phony health belt

A weird antique health belt.

5K30.90

resonant Leyden jar detector

One Leyden jar with a loop of wire is driven with a induction coil, another similar arrangement is used as a detector.

5K30.90

Leyden jar and loop

When a spark jumps from a loop of wire to a Leyden jar, a small spark will jump in a similar device close by.

5K40. Motors Generators

PIRA #

Demonstration Name

Abstract

5K40.10

DC motor

A coil is mounted between two magnetron magnets.

5K40.10

DC motor

A large open coil is mounted between the poles of magnetron magnets to make a DC motor.

5K40.10

DC motor

A circular loop of heavy wire between two solenoids with iron cores.

5K40.10

DC motor

A coil in a "U" shaped magnet with a simple commutator.

5K40.10

DC motor

A large model DC motor.

5K40.12

DC motor and lamp

A DC motor has a light bulb in series with the armature to indicate current flow as the motor starts, comes up to speed, and is under load.

5K40.13

DC series and parallel motors

A DC motor on a board allowing armature and field to be connected in series or parallel.

5K40.15

Faraday motor

Apparatus Drawings Project No.33: A rod magnet sticks up through a pool on mercury and a parallel conducting copper wire is free to move in a circle around the magnet.

5K40.15

Faraday motor

A model of the first electric motor developed by Faraday.

5K40.15

Faraday disc

Spin a copper disc between the poles of a horseshoe magnet with brushes at the center and edge of the disc connected to a galvanometer.

5K40.18

simple motor

A two coil, two magnet assembly illustrates simple generator principles.

5K40.19

simple speed control for DC motor

A circuit to change speed and direction of a small DC motor.

5K40.20

DC & AC generators on galvanometer

A coil mounted between two magnetron magnets is equipped with both commutator and slip rings.

5K40.21

motor waveform

The armature of a generator is rotated 10 degrees at a time to a ballistic galvanometer and the result of 36 observations are plotted.

5K40.25

DC & AC generators on scope

The waveforms from the DC/AC generator are displayed on an oscilloscope.

5K40.26

ac and dc dynamo demonstration

Abstract from the 1981 apparatus competition.

5K40.27

model generator

A generator built with small motor spun rotor in a large open solenoid shows operation of an ac generator.

5K40.28

light the bulb with a coil

A coil connected to a light bulb is mounted on a disk rotating between the poles of an electromagnet. Picture.

5K40.29

generator on the overhead

A hand crank generator designed for use on the overhead projector.

5K40.40

motor/generator

A large AC/DC motor/generator has both slip and split rings.

5K40.40

motor generator

An armature with both slip rings and a commutator allows operation of a coil between two magnets as either a AC or DC motor or generator.

5K40.40

motor/generator

A coil mounted between the poles of an electromagnet is rotated by hand as a generator or powered by a battery as a motor.

5K40.40

AC and DC generators

Directions for making a large demonstration motor/generator. Picture.

5K40.40

ac/dc generator

A large AC/DC generator with slip and split rings.

5K40.45

coupled motor/generators

Two small permanent magnet dc motors are coupled so when one is driven mechanically, the other will spin. Picture.

5K40.50

simple induction motor

Bring a coffee can on an axle near two coils mounted at 90 degrees carrying ac with a capacitor in one line.

5K40.53

induction motor model

Suspend a closed copper loop by a thread in the gap of a rotating magnetron magnet and it will remain aligned with the rotating field.

5K40.55

synchronous motor

Run an AC dynamo as a synchronous motor by supplying AC to the armature coils.

5K40.56

synchronous and induction motors

Three pairs of coils in a circle produce a rotating magnetic field for use with a permanent magnet or aluminum rotor. Picture, Construction details in appendix, p. 1329.

5K40.60

three phase

Directions for winding three coils of a three phase rotator.

5K40.60

three phase

Directions for making a three phase winding and things to spin in it.

5K40.61

three phase

Remove the rotor from a three phase induction motor and place a steel ball inside.

5K40.64

modified Rowland ring

An aluminum ring spins in the center of a three phase horizontal toroid. Picture.

5K40.65

two phase rotator

How to make a two phase rotator get two phase from either three phase or two phase. Diagram.

5K40.70

counter EMF in a motor

A lamp in series with a motor does not glow unless a load is placed on the motor slowing it down.

5K40.71

counter EMF in a motor

Suddenly switch the armature of a shunt wound DC motor to a voltmeter while it is running.

5K40.72

back EMF in a motor

The circuit that shows the effect of back EMF on current drawn by a motor under various load conditions and after it is turned off. Diagram.

5K40.73

speed of AC motors under load

Slip speed and phase shift are shown stroboscopically as the load is increased on induction and synchronous motors.

5K40.75

motor debunking

A copper conductor in an iron tube in a magnetic field shows forces in most motors are not caused by magnetic fields set up in the conductors.

5K40.80

hand crank generator

Use a hand cranked generator to light an ordinary light bulb.

5K40.80

hand crank generator

Light a bulb with a hand crank generator.

5K40.80

hand crank generator

A hand crank generator made with a 120 V DC generator is used with light bulbs.

5K40.80

hand crank generator

A hand cranked generator is used to light an ordinary light bulb.

5K40.80

hand cranked generator

Students light a bulb with a hand crank generator.

5K40.80

telephone generator

An AC generator from an early telephone lights a 110 v lamp. Also- a single loop model and another generator.

5K40.80

hand cranked generator

A hand cranked generator slows down in five seconds from internal friction or in one second while lighting a lamp.

5K40.82

AC and DC generator

A small open hand crank generator.

5K40.83

bicycle generator

A 2KW generator mounted on a bicycle is used with big lamps.

5K40.85

generator slowed by load

5K40.85

generator driven by falling weight

A weight on a string wrapped around the shaft of a generator falls more slowly when there is an electrical load on the generator.

5K40.99

MHD power generator

Discharge a toy rocket motor between the poles of a magnet and attach copper electrodes placed in the gas jet to a voltmeter.

Demonstrations

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